Common Misunderstood RulesUpdated Wednesday January 23, 2019 by Jason Talbott.
Important/Occur Often/Common misunderstood rules
Traveling-If both feet are off the floor and the player lands: 1. Simultaneously on both feet, either foot may be the pivot. 2. On one foot followed by the other, the first foot to touch is the pivot. 3. On one foot, the player may jump off that foot and simultaneously land on both. Neither foot can be a pivot in this case. ***If one foot is on the floor: 1. It is the pivot when the other foot touches in a step. 2. The player may jump off that foot and simultaneously land on both. Neither foot can be a pivot in this case.***A pivot can be lifted for a shot or pass. It is a travel when the pivot foot returns to the floor.
Backcourt-A dribbler must have all three points in the front in order to attain front court status. Ball and both feet. The division line, “half court line”, is in the backcourt.
Boundary lines-Inside edges define the inbounds and out of bounds area
Offensive foul-No free throws
“Over the back”-Is not in any rulebook. There has to be contact
“Reaching In”-Is not in any rulebook. There has to be contact
“Moving screen”-There has to be contact
Traveling, player on the floor-A player may slide on the floor while trying to secure a loose ball until that player’s momentum stops. A player on his/her stomach cannot get up or rollover. If a player is flat on his/her back, that player may sit up without violating. A player cannot stand up from the floor unless he/she dribbles.
Palming/Carrying/Turning over the ball-There is no restriction as to how high a player may bounce the ball provided it doesn’t come to rest in the player’s hand. It is not possible to travel during a dribble.
“Traveling out of bounds”-There is no such thing. On a spot throw in the player must keep one foot over a space 3 feet wide that runs from the boundary line with unlimited depth. Both feet can move as long as one is over the 3 foot wide lane.
Closely Guarded-Frontcourt only. 5 seconds holding the ball and 5 seconds dribbling
Kicking the ball-Must be intentional. An unintentional kick is not illegal regardless of how far the ball goes.
Backboard-The top, sides, and bottom of the backboard are all in play.
“Air Ball”-Shooter can catch his/her own air ball as long as the official deemed it a legitimate attempt at a shot.
Three seconds-The 3-second count resets on every shot attempt, even on air balls. It is only counted when the ball is in the frontcourt.
Free throws-Players in a marked lane space can enter on the release. Players not in a marked lane space, this includes the shooter, must remain behind the free throw line extended until the ball hits the rim or backboard.
A fumble-is not a dribble. If a player receives a pass but it bounces off his/her hands and falls to the ground, he/she can recover the ball and start to dribble. Fumble-Dribble-Fumble=Legal, Dribble-Fumble-Dribble=Violation
Incidental Contact-Just because contact occurs does not mean a foul has been committed. Contact which occurs unintentionally in an effort to reach a loose ball, or contact which results when opponents are in equally favorable positions is not considered illegal, even if severe.